Composting All You Need to KnowThe summer is in full bloom, and you are probably already starting to enjoy your outside time with family and loved ones. Interestingly enough, you can improve your outdoor space, vegetation, and garden with something that every household has—introducing: composting! You may be wondering, why should I compost? Composting is an environmentally sustainable and cost-effective way to turn your waste into nutritional food for your plants and garden. But before you start telling yourself that composting can be time-consuming, laborious, or even smelly, let us dispel those misconceptions. Composting is not at all complicated; all you need is some enthusiasm and this helpful guide.
What is Compost?Compost is an organic material that people add to the soil to help plants grow, just like fertilizer. You can make compost from uneaten food scraps, inedible parts of food like eggshells and banana peels, and yard trimmings. There are many reasons to compost. Compost improves the quality of the soil, nourishes plants and food. Composting also eliminates unnecessary waste. When we discard our food scraps into regular trash, it doesn’t entirely compose in landfills, and unfortunately, rarely reaches the soil. Placing your food craps in your own compost allows the organic matter to fully decompose, so you can use it to amend any soil.
What You Need to Start CompostingThere are different types of composting and composting methods. Here is what you need to get started. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the basic rule of composting is that you need “green, brown, and water.”
- Browns – materials like dead leaves, branches, and twigs
- Greens – materials like grass clippings, vegetable waste, fruit scraps, and coffee grounds
- Water – to make sure the compost stays consistently moist